欢迎光临《计算力学学报》官方网站!
 
不同重力场下颗粒冲击过程的离散元分析
Numerical analysis of particle impact under different gravity conditions by discrete element method
投稿时间:2022-03-15  修订日期:2022-04-19
DOI:
中文关键词:  离散元方法  颗粒材料  冲击过程  重力加速度;穿透深度
英文关键词:Discrete element method  granular materials  Impact process  gravitational accelerations  penetration depth
基金项目:山西省自然科学基金(201901D211112,2021032124158),国家自然科学基金(12072217,12102294)
作者单位邮编
于杰 太原理工大学 机械与运载工程学院 030024
罗枭 太原理工大学 土木工程学院 
赵婷婷 太原理工大学 机械与运载工程学院 
张祺 太原理工大学 机械与运载工程学院中国科学院 物理研究所 030024
摘要点击次数: 66
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      开展不同重力场下颗粒材料冲击动力学研究有助于加深对颗粒运动机制的理解和深空探测任务的实施。本文采用离散元模拟对颗粒介质受球形冲击物的冲击过程进行了数值模拟,并与地球重力下冲击的试验结果进行对比验证。在此基础上,进一步研究了重力加速度对冲击物动力学的影响规律。计算结果表明,在所有重力加速度下,冲击物的穿透深度d与冲击速度v0的关系可以用Poncelet模型表达;d与冲击物下落的总高度H表现为d~Hn的幂律关系,当H<10m时,d与H的幂率标度为0.322,而H>10m时,d与H的幂率标度下降到0.211。此外,穿透深度小于冲击物半径时,重力加速度对冲击物减速过程无影响。在所有的重力加速度下,当冲击速度大于5m/s时,冲击物的持续碰撞时间tc是恒定的,且与重力的-1/2次方呈正比。
英文摘要:
      The study of the impact dynamics of granular materials in different gravity environments contributes to the understanding of particle motion mechanisms and the implementation of deep space exploration missions. In this paper, the discrete element method (DEM) is used to simulate the dynamic behaviors of granular materials subjected to spherical impactors, which is verified by the experimental results under Earth gravity. Then the effect of gravitational accelerations on dynamic properties of the impactor is further investigated. The DEM results show that the relationship between penetration depth d and impact velocity v0 can be expressed by the Poncelet model at all gravitational accelerations; d and total drop distances H exhibit a power law relationship of d~"H" ^"n" , n is 0.32 when the total fall distance H is less than 10 m, While n is drops to 0.211 when H is greater than 10m. In addition, the acceleration of gravity has no effect on the deceleration process of the impactor when the penetration depth is smaller than the radius of the impactor. At all gravitational accelerations, the collision duration of the impactor is constant and proportional to the -1/2 power of gravity when the impact velocity is greater than 5 m/s.
  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
您是第9962471位访问者
版权所有:《计算力学学报》编辑部
本系统由 北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计