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非对称薄壁箱形截面的扭转几何特性研究
Research on torsional geometric properties of asymmetric thin-walled box section
投稿时间:2022-01-12  修订日期:2022-05-26
DOI:
中文关键词:  非对称箱形截面  截面几何特性  扭转中心  主扇性坐标  主扇性惯性矩
英文关键词:asymmetrical box section  geometrical properties of cross section  twist center  principal sector coordinate  principal sector moment of inertia.
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位邮编
李征豹 兰州交通大学 土木工程学院 730070
张元海 兰州交通大学 土木工程学院 730070
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中文摘要:
      为了揭示顶板单向横坡对薄壁箱形截面扭转几何特性的影响,推导了顶板为倾斜布置的非对称薄壁箱形截面扭转中心位置、主扇性坐标及主扇性惯性矩的实用计算公式。运用所推导的实用公式并结合数值算例,比较了顶板倾斜布置和水平布置对截面扭转几何特性的影响,并分析了顶板横坡、箱室高宽比及悬臂板宽度变化对扭转几何特性的影响规律。研究结果表明:本文计算值与有限元软件ANSYS中截面特性计算结果吻合很好;当不考虑顶板横坡时,对扭转中心横向位置及高腹板与底板交点处的主扇性坐标影响显著;当箱室高宽比小于0.65时,其变化对扭转中心的横向位置有显著影响;主扇性惯性矩随顶板横坡的增大而减小,随悬臂板宽度及箱室高宽比的增大而增大。
英文摘要:
      In order to reveal the effect of the cross slope on the torsional geometrical properties of asymmetric thin-walled box section with inclined top plate, the practical formulas for calculating the twist center, principal sector coordinate and principal sector moment of inertia of cross section were derived. Based on the practical formulas, the effects of torsional geometrical properties between the inclined and horizontal top plate were compared, and the influences of the variations of the cross slope, cell height to width ratio and cantilever plate width on torsional geometrical properties were analyzed. The research results show that the results in this paper are in good agreement with those computed by the finite element software ANSYS. When the cross slope is not considered, the lateral position of the twist center and the principal sector coordinate at the intersection of the higher web and bottom plate will be significantly affected. When the cell height to width ratio is less than 0.65, its change has a significant effect on the lateral position of the twist center. The principal sector moment of inertia decreases with the increase of the cross slope, and increases with the increase of the cantilever plate width and cell height to width ratio.
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